Stress and Resilience

Facts

  • 60% of ASU students rated their overal level of stress during the last 12 months as more than average or tremendous.  
  • 32% of ASU students reported they did a good or outstanding job managing stress.

Many ASU students take positive steps to manage stress, such as:

  • By talking to someone they trust - 75%
  • Through physical activity - 68%
  • By taking action to resolve the situation - 63%
  • Through healthy eating - 61%
  • By using mindfulness practices - 50%

Stress and Academic Performance:

  • 33% of ASU students reported that stress was a barrier to their academic performance. 
  • 35% of ASU students reported that being overcommitted affected their academic performance.

ASU students reported the following items as being traumatic or very difficult to handle within the last 12 months:

  • 47% academics
  • 42% being overcommitted
  • 41% finances
  • 40% personal emotional issues
  • 33% career-related issues

Sources:American College Health Association. American College Health Association-National College Health Assessment and Supplemental Questions: Arizona State University Spring 2017. Baltimore: American College Health Association; Spring 2017 (n=2,096).

Basic Information

Basic Information

What is Stress?

Stress is the way we react or respond physically, mentally, and/or emotionally to various conditions, changes, and demands of life.

Stress is rooted in the “fight or flight” response which produces changes in the body that prepare us to respond to exciting or dangerous situations. Once the situation has passed or is under control, our stress response subsides, allowing us to relax.

Stress is not all bad. The stress response prepares our bodies and minds for action, and can help us perform at our optimal levels to manage the situations that we are facing. However, the constant demands of academic and personal life can build up stress levels without allowing us to unwind and become fully relaxed. This can lead to stress overload or distress.

Top Stressors for ASU Students

Stressors are internal (self) or external (environment) demands that have the potential to produce stress. Factors or events, either real or imagined, can create a state of stress.

Stressors can generally be divided into two classes:

  • Ongoing everyday chronic stressors
  • Isolated or major events

Ongoing everyday chronic stressors commonly faced by college students can be grouped into the following categories:

  • School
  • Time commitments
  • Financial concerns
  • Relationships

Isolated or major events commonly face by college students can be grouped into the following categories:

  • Leaving home
  • Balancing changing roles: student, employee, child, significant other

The Good and Bad of Stress

Stress can be motivating and energizing. Stress about school can motivate you to study to achieve the grades you want to earn. Having a busy schedule can motivate you to prioritize and clear your calendar for important activities. Being strapped for money can motivate you to work harder to get a promotion or a better paying job. Relationship conflicts can motivate you to build communication skills. When stressors come at a rate and intensity we can handle, it can be a benefit to well-being.

However, unmanaged stress or hard to handle stressors can compromise well-being.

Symptoms of Stress May Include

  • Difficulty focusing or concentrating
  • Increased anxiety
  • Frustration
  • Moodiness or change in temperament
  • General irritability
  • Feeling out of control or overwhelmed
  • Restlessness or fatigue
  • A change in behavior or routines

Most ASU students have experienced symptoms that indicate that their stressors are becoming hard to manage. Feeling overwhelmed by all they had to do, feeling exhausted (not from physical activity), feeling very sad, and/or feeling overwhelming anxiety are common among college students. It is important to learn to manage stress to reduce these stress symptoms.

Some students struggle more with stress. These students experience feelings of distress, such as feeling so depressed it is difficult to function, seriously considering and/or attempting suicide. These feelings are not common and are an indication that the student is in need of assistance from family, friends, and professional staff.

Resilience

Resilience is the ability to withstand, or adapt, to stress and life’s challenges. It is a quality that can be developed throughout life as we experience disappointment, change, adversity and loss. Resilience is strengthened by:

  • Supportive relationships
  • A positive view of yourself
  • Confidence in your strengths and abilities
  • Ability to manage strong feelings and impulses
  • Good problem-solving and communication skills
  • Feeling in control
  • Seeking help and resources
  • Seeing yourself as resilient, rather than as a victim
  • Coping with stress in healthy ways and avoiding harmful coping strategies
  • Helping others
  • Finding positive meaning in your life despite difficult or traumatic events

Source: Public Broadcasting Station. (2015). This emotional life: what is resilience?

Managing Stress

The following stress management tips are designed to help ASU students find their stress management groove:

  • Prioritize, take charge, and be flexible when confronted with challenges.
  • Develop your skills: communication skills, study and writing skills, test taking skills can all assist in lowering stress levels.
  • Manage your time: Use a planner to schedule class work and keep track of upcoming deadlines.
  • Regulate your emotions: Recognize that feeling strong emotions is not bad but normal. Find ways to lower anger and frustration such as counting to 100, saying the ABC’s and positive self-talk.
  • Use healthy coping strategies: Be physically active, read an enjoyable book, get a massage, etc. Avoid coping strategies that put your safety in jeopardy such as driving dangerously, consuming alcohol or using other substances that can impede judgment and health.
  • Strengthen your resilience: Develop supportive, trusting relationships with people you can share your feelings, hopes and dreams with. Hone your communication and problem solving skills. Believe in yourself and your abilities and strengths. Set realistic goals and take action to achieve them. Find positive meaning in your life, no matter what your circumstances are.
  • Implement a relaxation practice: deep breathing, yoga, meditation, anything that helps your mind and body relax.

Self-evaluation

Self-evaluation

Take an online quiz/assessment and learn more about your stress and resilience. Determine what actions you will take to manage your stress and to build your resilience.

Personal Wellness Profile
Personal Resilience Self-Assessment
College Student’s Stressful Event Checklist

Take a stress management class for credit

SWU250 Stress Management Tools 1 offers students the opportunity to understand how stress impacts quality of life by exploring nutrition, exercise, passion, vision, relationships, environment and relationships while developing strategies to manage stress through mindfulness.

SWU349 Stress Management Tools 2 offers students the opportunity to identify personal strategies in managing stress while deepening their mindfulness practice. Students explore the impact of instinct, happiness, physiology of the nervous system, gratitude, mindful relationships, mindful eating and sustainable living.

SWG579 Critical Incident Stress Management explores the impact of trauma and vicarious trauma while regaining homeostasis through mindfulness and quality of life.

Living Well @ ASU provides information on stress, stress management and other aspects of wellness, and provides a guide for setting wellness goals.

How to help a friend

How to help a friend

We can all use a little care and concern, from our friends and even our acquaintances.  When you recognize signs of stress and distress in someone you know, try these support strategies:

  • Say what you are noticing.  For example:  “I notice you have been (pre-occupied, forgetful, on edge, looking tired) lately.”
  • Ask what they are feeling.  For example:  “Have you been feeling off?”  or “Have you been feeling okay?”
  • Listen without giving advice or judging.  Say, “I hear you” or “That sounds challenging” or “Uh-huh.”    
  • Sometimes it helps to repeat what they said in your own words.  For example: “it sounds like you are worried about having to study for three exams next week.”
  • Ask what they would like to do to improve their well-being.  Say, “What are your plans?”
  • Offer your support.  Try saying, “What can I do to help?”  or “ Could I help by (taking your work shift, quizzing you on your class notes, studying with you, listening)?
  • Sometimes it helps to relax, exercise or eat a healthy meal.  Suggest doing something like this together, if it makes sense.
  • Remind them about services available at ASU, as fits their needs:  counseling serviceshealth servicestutoring and academic success, and others that may support them at this time.
  • Let them know you care.  Check back later to find out how they are doing.

resources

Programs and Activities

Programs and Activities

Work out at your Sun Devil Fitness ComplexSign up for courses in aquatics, fitness and safety education. Join a sports club or intramural team. Attend outdoor recreation programs and instructional programs.

Get a massage at Sun Devil Fitness or ASU Health Services.

Spa Night – takes place once per semester at the Well Devil Suite at each location. Chair massage, healthy cooking, mindfulness activities and more. Check the ASU calendar for more information.