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Sources: American College Health Association. American College Health Association-National College Health Assessment: Arizona State University Spring 2017. Baltimore: American College Health Association; Spring 2017 (n=2,096).
Intimate partner violence refers to physical, sexual or psychological harm carried out by a current or former relationship partner or spouse. Intimate partner violence includes domestic violence, dating violence, and stalking. These acts can take place among romantic or sexual partners of the opposite or same sex, whether they live together or not.
At the core of intimate partner violence, the abusive partner uses various strategies to maintain power and control within the relationship. Examples of these strategies include:
Stalking refers to a pattern of repeated unwanted attention and contact that causes the victim concern or fear for their own safety for the safety of others. Stalking may take the form of texting, messaging, calling, following, watching, dropping by the home, or showing up at work or social outings of the victim repeatedly without invitation, even after being asked to stop. When asked to stop the stalker may get angry or upset, or may attempt to gain power or control over their victim.
Intimate partner violence follows a pattern known as the Cycle of Violence:
Calm – This stage is also called “the honeymoon stage.” During this stage abuse is minimal or not taking place. The abusive partner may be repentant for his or her actions, and the victim may be hopeful that the abuse is over.
Tension – During this stage, things are heating up. The power and control behaviors are happening to varying degrees. The victim is trying to keep the abuser calm, and feels like he/she is walking on eggshells.
Crisis – During this stage an incident of physical, sexual or emotional abuse takes place.
This cycle can repeat itself many times in an abusive relationship. It is very difficult to break the cycle.
Adapted from the concept first described by Lenore Walker in her book, The Battered Woman. (1979). New York: Harper and Row.
Is your relationship healthy? Are you a good partner? Take these tests to assess your relationship.
If you are in an abusive relationship or a victim of stalking, help is available. ASU Counseling Services or a Sun Devil Support Network Advisor can assist you to examine your options. Visit sexualviolenceprevention.asu.edu/ for information on how to report violence.
If you are in a crisis situation and could be harmed, do not hesitate to call 9-1-1.
You can also call EMPACT’s 24-hour ASU-dedicated crisis hotline: 480-921-1006.
It can be difficult to know how to support a friend who is in an abusive relationship. You may want them to leave their partner, yet they may choose to stay in the relationship. You may want them to tell the police about their injuries, yet they may choose to keep their abuse a secret from friends, family and law enforcement.
How to Help Someone in an Unhealthy Relationship:
Is Your Friend an Abuser? – Are you concerned that a friend is hurting others? What can you do?
For more information on how to help a friend, visit loveisrespect.org.
If you know an ASU student who is in an abusive relationship or a victim of stalking, help is available. ASU Counseling Services or a Sun Devil Support Network Advisor can assist the victim to examine his or her options
If someone is in a crisis situation and could be harmed, do not hesitate to call 9-1-1.
Those affected by intimate partner violence and stalking can also call EMPACT’s 24-hour ASU-dedicated crisis hotline: 480-921-1006
The Clothesline Project is a national program that engages communities in creating a clothesline filled with shirts decorated to express feelings about violence that has taken place personally, for someone they care about, or within their community.
At ASU, departments, colleges and student organizations arrange the Clothesline Project. Some use t-shirts, others paper cut outs of shirts. In each case, students create the designs and these are exhibited to bring awareness of how violence affects students and our campus communities.
The ASU Clothesline Project acknowledges that violence affects students across gender, sexual orientation, race, ethnicity, age and socio-economic status. All students and student groups are welcome to participate, as violence affects us all.
For more information on the ASU Clothesline Project, contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
Take Back the Night is a national program that is organized locally each year at ASU. The aim is to bring awareness to violence against women and other vulnerable groups, to speak out in solidarity against violence in our community, and to create a safe place for victims of violence to speak out against violence, and embrace healing.
For more information on Take Back the Night, contact email@example.com.